Shot pellets for a shotgun cartridge are encapsulated with light reflective coatings. The reflective coatings permit nighttime tracking of the shot pellets'trajectory to the target situs. A thin, lubricant film prevents adhesion between coated pellets when they are tightly packed in the shot chamber of the cartridge. A protective, plastic liner surrounds the shot pellets in the shot chamber and moves with the pellets from the barrel of the shotgun to prevent frictional erosion of the shot pellets and fouling of the barrel.
Deleterious effects of friction between bullets and the barrel of a firearm are reduced by improving the lubricity of the surface of the bullet by coating the same with molybdenum disulfide according to a method that includes heating the bullets to be coated to open the pores thereof and then agitating the bullets and molybdenum disulfide with an impacting instrumentality to drive the molybdenum disulfide against the bullet to be deeply absorbed therein. The bullets are also polished and burnished.