The present invention is a structural system of torsion elements which are connected in constructions which have the capacity to bear compression, tension and flexion loading by conversion of such loading to torsion loading of the connected torsion elements. The present invention also includes a method of construction using torsion elements.
An spacecraft/airship, which uses buoyancy and thrusters to ascend into space with lifting gas as propellant or fuel for thrusters, which may be conventional thrusters or electric turbojets or ion thrusters. The airship aspect has gas retaining structures that can regulate the density of the gasses within. The spacecraft aspect provides for mounting thrusters, control, power, services, and interior space for missions of the spacecraft/airship.
A method for protecting a ground plot of plants, a hydroponic system of plants, and the like from fungal infection by the application of a solution of nitrates to the plants, ground surface and other associated structures present on which fungus spores may be located in order to inhibit fungus spore germination upon the occurrence of conditions of darkness and humidity favorable therefor.
Structural System Of Toroidal Elements And Method Of Construction Therewith
A structural system of connected toroidal elements for all types of structures of all sizes, wherein such toroidal elements may be connected in level layers which may in turn be connected in stacks to form towers, domical and spherical structures, and connected in the forms of regular polyhedra to form domical and spherical structures. Structures may be constructed of frameworks formed by connected toroidal elements of various sizes and shapes.
Ground Surface Crop Harvester And Harvesting Method
A harvester for ground surface crops is an array of bars connected to cross-members, each bar having an obtuse-angulation toward the front end of the bar. The arrays describe surfaces which may be curved or substantially planar on either side of the obtuse angle. The bars are spaced closely enough to be smaller than the size of the parts of the plants of the ground surface crop to be harvested, and spaced far enough apart to permit weeds and other debris to drop between the bars to the ground. The harvester apparatus is used by moving it forward, front end first, along the ground sufficiently into the soil surface to slip underneath the crop-parts to be gathered. As the front parts of the bars slips underneath the crop-part to be gathered, the crop-part is lifted from the soil by the forward motion of the harvester and ramped upward and rearward along the incline of the bars, and is thereby detached from the soil surface.
The toroidal wheel is a self-supporting framework of connected torsion elements, which is not supported by any spokes, hub, or wheel disk. The toroidal wheel rotates in direct contact with the underlying surface on and against which it is operated, and may be operated in a mount/drive. The object of the toroidal wheel is to provide conventional wheel function and ancillary uses, such as gears and other rotating devices, plus additional uses precluded or made impractical by the central hub of the conventional wheel.
An electric thruster and thrust augmenter is disclosed in which intaken or compressed atmospheric gas or reaction thruster exhaust is passed through a gap space between electrodes so that the atmospheric or reaction thrust exhaust gases are subjected to an electric current of sufficient intensity to rapidly heat and expand such gasses through an exhaust nozzle to produce reaction thrust.
A gaseous-fuel rocket engine in which an expanding oxidizer driven turbine or electric motor drives the an axial gaseous-fuel turbine compressor. The oxidizer is subsequently injected into a gaseous-fuel duct surrounding the axial gaseous-fuel compressor and defining a gaseous-fuel path having an inlet. The gaseous-fuel and oxygen mixture is ignited and the burned gases are expanded through a converging-diverging exhaust nozzle.